Department of Highways, District 11

Press Release Date:  Monday, December 03, 2007  
Contact Information:  SANDY RUDDER
(606) 598-2145

MANCHESTER, KY (December 3, 2007)--The Kentucky Transportation Cabinet is using anti-icing pre-treatments on our roadways as part of their winter maintenance program.  Anti-icing measures take place before a precipitation event, such as black ice, to prevent the formation or development of bonded snow and ice on the road surface.  Anti-icing chemicals are applied in liquid form (brine) to road surfaces before a snow or ice storm is predicted.  Research has shown that timely applications of anti-icing materials can cut the cost of maintaining a safe road surface by 90% over the cost of deicing.  
Anti-icing returns road surfaces to normal faster, resulting in fewer accidents and delays.  Salt needs moisture to be effective, applying brine jumpstarts the melting process.  Brine sticks to the road surface and will not be as easily blown off the road by wind or traffic so material is more efficiently used.  If the storm is delayed, salt residue remains on the road ready to begin work when precipitation begins.  Crews can begin treatment in advance of a storm because anti-icing prevents the bonding of snow and ice to pavement.  Snow fighters have less work to maintain safe roadways as the storm progresses.  Increased efficiency results in less deicer, manpower in less overtime costs and operator fatigue, therefore lowering the cost of maintaining safe road conditions.  The use of deicing materials also minimizes environmental concerns.
Motorists may be wondering what is on the surface of our roadways when they see visible lines.  KY Transportation Cabinet crews use anti-icing materials in the form of salt brine during the months in which travel is most often affected by unpredictable weather and related events. Transportation Cabinet employees are prepared to react to emergency situations no matter when they occur.
"Our personnel in the eight counties of District Eleven will be ready to act if the need arises," said Michael G. Calebs, Executive Director.  “We want to assure motorists that our crews are on call around the clock and will be ready to respond to inclement winter weather, fallen trees, rockfalls, mudslides and any other situations that could impede traffic and cause hardship to the traveling public."
"Emergencies don't limit themselves to daytime hours during the week," Mr. Calebs continued. "Things happen at night, on weekends and on holidays. We can't control the weather or when situations occur, but we will work, clearing a path through snow and ice, to keep our roads maintained for the traveling public."
Mr. Calebs commended the maintenance personnel in the counties of Bell, Clay, Harlan, Jackson, Knox, Laurel, Leslie and Whitley who work during non-scheduled hours as the need arises.  District 11 crews are prepared to treat our 2,042 miles of roadways whenever a snow event is predicted with 64 trucks, 114 operators, 18,654 tons of salt, 61,785 gallons of salt brine and 9,935 gallons of liquid calcium.
"We have excellent crews in our counties and we appreciate the sacrifices they sometimes must make at home to serve the needs of the Commonwealth," said Randy Arvin, Branch Manager for Operations. "It's not pleasant to report for work in the middle of the night or on Christmas Day to run a snowplow, but our workers are always willing to do what it takes to keep our roads safe."
District 11 crews are prepared for snow events with 64 trucks, 114 operators, 18,654 tons of salt, 61,785 gallons of salt brine and 9,935 gallons of liquid calcium to treat our roadways.
The most heavily traveled roadways are the first priorities during snow removal, less traveled roads are cleared as quickly as possible.  You can find your county's snow and ice priority map on-line at
 Road condition reports for major routes in Kentucky are available by calling 511 or by logging on to the 511 travel and traffic information website at Road conditions are described in the following manner:

Wet Pavement – The roadway is wet. Ice could form as the temperature drops.
Partly Covered – The roadway is partly covered with snow, slush or ice. Markings may be obscured.
Mostly Covered – The roadway is mostly covered with snow, slush, or ice. Roadway markers may be difficult to see because of packed snow and rutting conditions.
Completely Covered – The roadway is completely covered with snow, slush, or ice. Markings are obscured.
Impassable – Roadway conditions are not suitable for travel unless required by an emergency.