Kentucky Heritage Council
Fayette National Bank and Paint Lick Commercial District approved today for National Register listing by Kentucky review board; final approval now rests with National Park Service
FRANKFORT, Ky. – The Kentucky Historic Preservation Review Board today approved Paint Lick Commercial District in Garrard County, and an expanded nomination for the Fayette National Bank Building in Lexington, for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.
The Kentucky Heritage Council/State Historic Preservation Office administers the National Register program in Kentucky and provides administrative support to the review board, which is charged with evaluating National Register nominations prior to their submission to the National Park Service (NPS). The NPS will issue a final determination of listing within about 60 days.
The National Register is the nation’s official list of historic and archaeological resources deemed worthy of preservation. Kentucky has the fourth-highest number of listings among states, at more than 3,300. Listing can be applied to buildings, objects, structures, districts and archaeological sites, and proposed sites must be significant in architecture, engineering, American history or culture.
National Register status does not affect property ownership rights, but does provide a measure of protection against adverse impacts from federally funded projects. Owners of National Register properties may qualify for federal or state tax credits for certified rehabilitation of these properties, or by making a charitable contribution of a preservation easement. For more, see www.heritage.ky.gov.
A meeting agenda and complete nominations with photos are available at www.heritage.ky.gov/natreg/. A summary of each nomination approved today follows.
Fayette National Bank or First National Bank (additional documentation of an existing site), 159 West Main, Lexington; authored by historic preservation consultant Nathalie Wright – The Fayette National Bank Building was first listed in the National Register in 1980, focusing on the original 1913-14 bank tower and 1933-34 Main Street annex, both of which, according to the author, have maintained historic integrity since National Register documentation. This amendment offers a more detailed account of the annex’s appearance, and incorporates the Upper Street annex dating to 1951. The building features both late 19th- and early 20th-century Beaux Arts and International style designs, with materials including granite, limestone, brick and terra cotta. When originally listed, the building was designated under Criterion C, a significant design by the prominent architecture firm McKim, Mead and White. This amended nomination concludes that the building also meets Criterion A, significant within the context “Banking in Lexington, 1803-1970.” The nomination also offers additional information about the history of Fayette National Bank and its successor, First National Bank and Trust Co. According to the author, “the nominated property is an excellent representation of the city of Lexington’s banking history from the time of its construction as the city’s first skyscraper, signaling the solidity and progress of the Fayette National Bank in the early 1900s… As the result of mergers and through the purchase of the property and expansions… the nominated property continued to reflect the city’s banking history and growth to the early 1960s.”
Paint Lick Commercial District, authored by Janie-Rice Brother, senior architectural historian with the Kentucky Archaeological Survey – The proposed Paint Lick Commercial District consists of a cluster of seven masonry buildings, primarily two-story, located on either side of KY 52 and encompassing the remains of the commercial core of Paint Lick. According to the author, the historic district meets National Register Criterion C, significant for its interpretation of commercial architecture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries of Garrard County. She writes, “In creating their own version of a county-seat landscape, the men and women of Paint Lick were asserting their town’s identity as a commercial center, a social center, and the nucleus of a rapidly changing agrarian community. This development is significant, for it did not happen elsewhere in the county’s other crossroad communities…As transportation improvements allowed people to drive farther for commercial purchases, crossroad communities decayed and many disappeared. Paint Lick’s commercial businesses, by contrast, continued to serve their customers well into the 1970s, confirming the strength of the community’s earlier ambitions.”
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An agency of the Kentucky Tourism, Arts and Heritage Cabinet, the Kentucky Heritage Council / State Historic Preservation Office is responsible for the identification, protection and preservation of prehistoric resources and historic buildings, sites and cultural resources throughout the Commonwealth, in partnership with other state and federal agencies, local communities and interested citizens. This mission is integral to making communities more livable and has a far-ranging impact on issues as diverse as economic development, heritage tourism, jobs creation, affordable housing, community revitalization, environmental conservation and quality of life. www.heritage.ky.gov