Auditor Of Public Accounts
State Auditor Crit Luallen Releases Reports on Kentucky Horse Racing Authority: Regulatory Arm of Kentucky’s Signature Industry Needs More Accountability, Resources

Press Release Date:  Monday, January 08, 2007  
Contact Information:  Jeff Derouen
Phone: (502) 573-0050
Fax: (502) 573-0067
Pager: (888) 222-5670

Three reports on the Kentucky Horse Racing Authority released by State Auditor Crit Luallen show that the regulatory arm of Kentucky’s signature industry needs stronger financial management and accountability. The 163-page document also showed that the Authority needs additional expertise and resources to meet its mandates. The reports include financial and management audits, mandated by the 2006 Kentucky General Assembly, and a review of the Kentucky Thoroughbred Development Fund requested by the agency. 

“Horses are Kentucky’s signature industry.  The Kentucky Horse Racing Authority should be the best racing regulatory agency in the country. Despite recent improvements, the Authority has continuing financial management problems and is not adequately performing its statutory responsibilities,” Auditor Luallen said.

The Auditor’s Office disclaimed an opinion of the Kentucky Horse Racing Authority’s finances.  A disclaimed audit opinion indicates that auditors were unable to obtain the necessary information to give a financial opinion.  The fiscal year 2006 financial audit was unable to substantiate the balance of the funds under the control of the Authority due to the inadequacy of financial records.  Financial management issues are a historical and ongoing problem that pre-dates the current Horse Racing Authority.

Specifically, the financial reports document the lack of procedures in place to reconcile the Kentucky Thoroughbred Development Fund.  Financial records for the determination of allocations from the Fund to the horse tracks are inadequate and do not comply with statutory requirements.  This problem, described in the Thoroughbred Development Fund report, led to a multi–million-dollar settlement agreement reached between the Authority and Kentucky racetracks in December 2006.  In short, prior to the settlement, the Kentucky Horse Racing Authority did not know what the tracks owed the Fund or what the Fund owed the tracks.

The management audit found that there is no independent review of pari-mutuel wagering or racetrack tote operations. The management audit also found that the Authority has no statutorily required pari–mutuel supervisor and each track pays its pari–mutuel taxes through a self-reporting mechanism.  Kentucky was the only state that did not have a method to access the racetracks’ tote systems to conduct audits of pari-mutuel wagering to ensure proper payment of the tax.

The management audit compared the Kentucky Racing Authority to similar regulatory agencies in ten analogous states.  The Kentucky Racing Authority’s staff of 32 employees is the second lowest of the states compared and is 36 employees below the peer average.  Kentucky’s rate of drug testing horses is only above Ohio, Texas, and Louisiana and barely over half of the testing per live race day performed by New York.  Not surprisingly, the number of positive drug tests was also low.  The current Authority has recently emphasized drug testing and has improved state regulations.  However the new testing procedures had not begun prior to the timeframe for this work.

The reports also repeated a recommendation from a previous Auditor’s Office report that the agency define and clarify its authority to charge licensed racetracks daily assessment fees.  The general fund appropriation for the agency has been inconsistent, decreasing 62% since 2000, leading to increases in track assessments.  The Authority should establish by regulation a clearly defined and documented method of assessment of each racetrack.

This report with 46 findings and recommendations, along with agency responses, is posted on the Internet at the following site: